Part of the Japanese Katana--Saya
Saya(Scabbard) is a Japanese word that refers to the sheath/scabbard of a Japanese sword. When worn or displayed, the edge will face upwards and be designed so that it can be drawn quickly using a technique called iai (the art of which is known as iaido or iaijutsu).
Saya comes in a variety of styles and colors, traditionally made by skilled technicians for specific swords-and now they are mass-produced and matched on a "best fit" basis.
What it is made of: Traditionally, they are made of Honoki wood, with buffalo horn reinforcement at the mouth and tip of the sheath, and coated with cashew lacquer in many colors and patterns.
How to save costs: Usually, the cost of a handmade saya made in a traditional way is between 650 and 1500 US dollars, because it is a very time-consuming process. Therefore, most products have been mass-produced and tested many times to find the most suitable product. The mass-produced version is usually around US$50.
Common problem: Even mass-produced saya is actually very suitable for the source of production, but because they are made of wood, they are subject to changes in air pressure, temperature, altitude, humidity, etc. and may slightly expand or expand during rapid transportation. Shrink from a set of conditions to a new condition.
Therefore, it is usually recommended to wait a week or two after saya is a bit too tight or too loose, and then try to fix it.
The traditional version uses Atsugi. The high-end Saya is equipped with buffalo horn parts. The traditional version does not use plastic or wood. After that, the saya was coated with cashew lacquer. The saya produced in this way look better than those sold by Japanese sword manufacturers.
SUB PARTS: Sub parts of the Japanese scabbard are as follows.
1) KURIGATA: The knob used to fix the sage rope to the scabbard-traditionally made of buffalo horn, but nowadays it is usually made of wood.
2) SHIDIDOME: Two small inserts, usually brass, can cushion the rope of sage.
3) SAGEO: A rope/rope usually made of silk or cotton thread designed to secure the saya to the warrior belt (obi).
4) KOIGUCHI: The mouth of the scabbard where the scabbard is located, usually (ideally) made of buffalo horns.
5) KOJIRI: The end caps are also ideally made of buffalo horns.